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Liste der Isotope/4. Periode

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Dies ist die Liste der Isotope der Elemente der 4. Periode des Periodensystems.

Der ↓Zugriffsindex für die Isotopenlisten ist ein Einstieg,
um komfortabel auf alle Elemente zugreifen zu können.
↓Erläuterung des Aufbaus der Isotopenliste sowie eine
↓Legende sind dort ebenfalls zu finden.
Ebenfalls zu finden sind dort die verwendeten
↓Quellen und Weblinks.
Zerfallsenergien wurden mit den angegebenen Massen
und dem Masse-Energie-Äquivalent von
neu berechnet.

HauptgruppenelementeBearbeiten

19 KaliumBearbeiten

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(%)
Masse
(u)
32K 2,52 p 32,022 65(54#)
33K < 25 ns 1,954 3/2+ p 33,007 56(21#)
34K < 25 ns 0,87506 1+ p 33,998 69(32#)
35K 178 ms 11,875 (ε), 5,978 (εp) 3/2+ ε = 99,63, εp = 0,37 34,988 005 41(55)
36K 342 ms 12,815 (ε), 4,308 (εp), 6,174 (εα) 2+ ε = 99,95, εp = 0,05, εα = 0,0034 35,981 302 01(37)
37K 1,226 s 6,148 3/2+ ε 36,973 375 89(10)
38K 7,636 min 5,914 3+ ε 37,969 081 12(21)
38m1K 924,3 ms 6,045 0+ ε 37,969 221 92
38m2K 22 µs 3,459 7+ IT 37,972 794 35
39K stabil 3/2+ 093,2581 38,963 706 4864(49)
40K 1,248·109 a 1,311 (β), 1,504 (ε) 4− β = 89,28, ε = 10,72 000,0117 39,963 998 166(60)
40m1K 336 ns 1,644 0 IT 39,965 763 07
41K stabil 3/2+ 006,7302 40,961 825 2579(41)
42K 12,321 h 3,525 2− β 41,962 402 31(11)
43K 22,3 h 1,833 3/2+ β 42,960 734 70(44)
44K 22,13 min 5,687 2− β 43,961 586 99(45)
45K 17,81 min 4,197 3/2+ β 44,960 691 49(56)
46K 105 s 7,725 2− β 45,961 981 59(78)
47K 17,5 s 6,632 1/2+ β 46,961 6616(15)
48K 6,8 s 11,94 (β), 1,988 (βn) 2− β = 98,86, βn = 1,14 47,965 341 19(83)
49K 1,26 s 11,688 (β), 6,542 (βn) 3/2+ β = 14, βn = 86 48,968 210 75(86)
50K 472 ms 13,861 (β), 7,501 (βn) 2− β = 71, βn = 29 49,972 3800(83)
51K 365 ms 13,822 (β), 9,002 (βn) 3/2+ β = 53, βn = 47 50,975 828(14)
52K 118 ms 17,72 (β), 11,724 (βn) 2− β = 36, βn = 64 51,982 24(43#)
53K 30 ms 16,776 (β), 14,511 (βn), 8,515 (β2n) 3/2+ β = 16, βn = 67, β2n = 17 52,987 46(54#)
54K 10 ms 19,776 (β), 15,384 (βn) 2− β = ?, βn = ? 53,994 63(64#)
55K 3 ms 19,058 (β), 17,414 (βn) 3/2+ β = ?, βn = ? 55,000 76(75#)
56K > 620 ns 21,825 β 56,008 51(86#)

20 CalciumBearbeiten

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NH
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34Ca < 35 ns 1,474 0+ p 34,014 87(32#)
35Ca 25,7 ms 15,877 (εp), 11,213 (ε2p) 3/2+ εp = 95,9, ε2p = 4,1 35,005 14(21#)
36Ca 102 ms 10,966 (ε), 9,307 (εp) 0+ ε = 45,7, εp = 54,3 35,993 074(43)
37Ca 181,1 ms 11,664 (ε), 9,807 (εp) 3/2+ ε = 18,9, εp = 82,1 36,985 897 85(68)
38Ca 440 ms 6,742 0+ ε 37,976 319 22(21)
39Ca 859,6 ms 6,525 3/2+ ε 38,970 710 81(64)
40Ca stabil 0,19351 0+ 096,941 39,962 590 863(22)
41Ca 1,02·105 a 0,422 7/2− ε 40,962 277 92(15)
42Ca stabil 0+ 000,647 41,958 617 83(16)
43Ca stabil 7/2− 000,135 42,958 766 44(24)
44Ca stabil 0+ 002,086 43,955 481 56(35)
45Ca 162,61 d 0,25902 7/2− β 44,956 186 35(39)
46Ca stabil 0,98858 0+ 000,004 45,953 6890(24)
47Ca 4,536 d 1,992 7/2− β 46,954 5424(24)
48Ca > 5,8·1022 a 0,27867 (β), 4,267 (2β) 0+ β = 25, 2β = 75 000,187 47,952 522 76(13)
49Ca 8,718 min 5,261 3/2− β 48,955 662 74(23)
50Ca 13,9 s 4,959 0+ β 49,957 4992(17)
51Ca 10 s 6,89 3/2− β 50,960 989(24)
52Ca 4,6 s 5,903 (β), 0,89431 (βn) 0+ β = 98, βn = 2 51,963 217(64)
53Ca 90 ms 9,65 (β), 3,638 (βn) 3/2− β = 70, βn = 30 52,969 45(43#)
54Ca 86 ms 9,442 0+ β 53,973 40(54#)
55Ca 22 ms 11,625 5/2− β 54,980 30(54#)
56Ca 11 ms 10,833 (β), 8,006 (βn) 0+ β = ?, βn = ? 55,985 08(64#)
57Ca 5 ms 13,833 (β), 9,786 (βn) β = ?, βn = ? 56,992 62(64#)
58Ca > 620 ns 12,957 (β), 10,717 (βn) 0+ β = ?, βn = ? 57,997 94(75#)

NebengruppenelementeBearbeiten

21 ScandiumBearbeiten

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36Sc 3,274 p 36,016 48(32#)
37Sc 2,646 p 37,003 74(32#)
38Sc 1,301 p 37,995 12(21#)
39Sc < 300 ns 0,59685 7/2− p 38,984 785(26)
40Sc 182,3 ms 14,323 (ε), 7,283 (εp), 5,995 (εα) 4− ε = 99,54, εp = 0,02, εα = 0,44 39,977 9673(30)
41Sc 596,3 ms 6,496 7/2− ε 40,969 251 105(88)
42Sc 681,3 ms 6,426 0+ ε 41,965 516 53(18)
42m1Sc 61,7 s 7,043 7+ ε 41,966 178 31
43Sc 3,891 h 2,221 7/2− ε 42,961 1505(20)
43m1Sc 438 µs 0,15157 2/3+ IT 42,961 313 22
43m2Sc 470 ns 3,123 19/2− IT 42,964 503 58
44Sc 3,97 h 3,653 2+ ε 43,959 4029(19)
44m1Sc 58,61 h 0,27086 (IT), 3,924 (ε) 6+ IT = 98,8, ε = 1,2 43,959 693 68
44m2Sc 154 ns 0,06785 1− IT 43,959 475 75
44m3Sc 50,4 µs 0,14616 0 IT 43,959 559 81
45Sc stabil 7/2− 100 44,955 908 28(77)
45m1Sc 318 ms 0,01657 3/2+ IT 44,955 926 07
46Sc 83,79 d 2,367 4+ β 45,955 168 26(78)
46m1Sc 18,75 s 0,1459 1− IT 45,955 324 89
46m2Sc 9,4 µs 0,0554 6+ IT 45,955 227 73
47Sc 3,3492 d 0,60073 7/2− β 46,952 4037(21)
47m1Sc 27,2 ns 0,77047 3/2+ IT 46,953 230 83
48Sc 43,67 h 3,988 6+ β 47,952 2236(53)
49Sc 57,18 min 2,002 7/2− β 48,950 0146(29)
50Sc 102,5 s 6,883 5+ β 49,952 176(16)
50m1Sc 0,35 s 0,26787 (IT), 7,151 (β) 3+ IT = 98, β = 2 49,952 463 57
51Sc 12,4 s 6,503 7/2− β 50,953 592(21)
52Sc 8,2 s 9,303 3+ β 51,956 88(15)
53Sc 2,4 s 8,719 7/2− β 52,959 09(29)
54Sc 526 ms 11,377 4+ β 53,963 264 16
54m1Sc 7 µs 0,11042 5+ IT 53,963 3827
55Sc 96 ms 11,69 (β), 7,55 (βn) 7/2− β = 83, βn = 17 54,967 82(50)
56Sc 26 ms 14,475 (β), 8,863 (βn) 7+ β = ?, βn = ? 55,973 45(43#)
57Sc 22 ms 13,162 (β), 10,428 (βn) 7/2− β = ?, βn = ? 56,977 77(54#)
58Sc 12 ms 16,236 (β), 10,922 (βn) 3+ β = ?, βn = ? 57,984 03(64#)
59Sc 10 ms 15,342 (β), 12,738 (βn) β < 100, βn = ? 58,988 94(64#)
60Sc 3 ms 18,276 (β), 13,521 (βn) β < 100, βn = ? 59,995 65(75#)
61Sc > 360 ns 17,279 (β), 15,188 (βn) β < 100, βn = ? 61,001 00(86#)

22 TitanBearbeiten

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38Ti 100 ns 2,539 0 2p = 100? 38,011 45(32#)
39Ti 31 ms 16,968 3/2+ εp 39,002 36(22#)
40Ti 52,4 ms 11,145 0+ εp 39,990 50(17)
41Ti 80,4 ms 11,86 3/2+ εp 40,983 148(30)
42Ti 199 ms 7,017 0+ ε 41,973 049 03(30)
43Ti 509 ms 6,867 7/2− ε 42,968 5225(78)
43m1Ti 12,6 µs 0,313 3/2+ IT 42,968 858 52
43m2Ti 560 ns 3,066 9/2− IT 42,971 814 42
44Ti 60 a 0,26739 0+ ε 43,959 689 95(75)
45Ti 184,8 min 2,062 7/2− ε 44,958 121 98(95)
46Ti stabil 0+ 008,25 45,952 627 72(35)
47Ti stabil 5/2− 007,44 46,951 758 79(38)
48Ti stabil 0+ 073,72 47,947 941 98(38)
49Ti stabil 7/2− 005,41 48,947 865 68(39)
50Ti stabil 0+ 005,18 49,944 786 89(39)
51Ti 5,76 min 2,472 3/2− β 50,946 610 65(65)
52Ti 1,7 min 1,975 0+ β 51,946 8930(76)
53Ti 32,7 s 5,024 3/2− β 52,949 73(11)
54Ti 1,5 s 4,295 0+ β 53,951 05(13)
55Ti 1,3 s 7,48 3/2− β 54,955 27(13)
56Ti 0,2 s 6,921 (β), 1,868 (βn) 0+ β ≈ 100, βn = 0,06 55,957 91(15)
57Ti 98 ms 10,358 (β), 4,187 (βn) 5/2− β ≈ 100, βn = 0,04 56,963 64(27)
58Ti 57 ms 9,203 (β), 5,044 (βn) 0+ β = ?, βn = ? 57,966 60(43#)
59Ti 27,5 ms 12,184 5/2− β 58,972 47(43#)
60Ti 22,4 ms 10,917 0+ β 59,976 03(54#)
61Ti 15 ms 14,159 (β), 8,826 (βn) 1/2− β = ?, βn = ? 60,982 45(64#)
62Ti 10 ms 12,911 (β), 9,87 (βn) 0 β = ?, βn = ? 61,986 51(75#)
63Ti 3 ms 16,171 (β), 11,583 (βn) β = ?, βn = ? 62,993 75(75#)

23 VanadiumBearbeiten

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NH
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40V 2,399 p 40,012 76(43#)
41V 1,756 p 41,000 21(32#)
42V < 55 ns 0,78895 p 41,991 82(32#)
43V 79,3 ms 11,405 7/2− β+ 42,980 766(46)
44V 111 ms 13,432 (ε), 8,305 (εα) 2+ β+ = ?, εα = ? 43,974 11(20)
44m1V 150 ms 12,702 6+ β+ 43,973 326 29
45V 547 ms 7,129 7/2− β+ 44,965 7748(86)
46V 422,5 ms 7,052 0+ β+ 45,960 198 78(36)
46m1V 1,02 ms 0,8031 3+ IT 45,961 060 94
47V 32,6 min 2,931 3/2− β+ 46,954 904 91(36)
48V 15,9735 d 4,0125 4+ ε 47,952 2522(11)
49V 330 d 0,60186 7/2− ε 48,948 511 80(96)
50V > 2,7·1017 a 2,207 (ε), 1,038 (β) 6+ ε = 83, β = 17 000,25 49,947 156 01(95)
51V stabil 7/2− 099,75 50,943 957 04(94)
52V 3,743 min 3,975 3+ β 51,944 773 01(95)
53V 1,543 min 3,436 7/2− β 52,944 3367(34)
54V 49,8 s 7,042 3+ β 53,946 439(16)
54m1V 900 ns 0,10875 5+ IT 53,946 555 75
55V 6,54 s 5,963 7/2− β 54,947 24(10)
56V 216 ms 9,154 (β), 0,90974 (βn) 3+ β ≈ 100, βn = 0,06 55,950 48(19)
57V 320 ms 8,297 (β), 2,987 (βn) 7/2− β ≈ 100, βn = 0,04 56,952 52(24)
58V 191 ms 11,523 (β), 4,138 (βn) 3+ β = ?, βn = ? 57,956 72(14)
59V 97 ms 10,06 (β), 5,938 (βn) 7/2− β = ?, βn = ? 58,959 39(17)
60V 68 ms 13,255 3+ β ≈ 100, βn = 0,03 59,964 31(24)
60m1V 40 ms 13,998 1+ β 59,965 107 34
61V 52,6 ms 11,951 (β), 7,922 (βn) 3/2− β = ?, βn = ? 60,967 25(96)
62V 33,5 ms 15,416 (β), 8,91 (βn) 3+ β = ?, βn = ? 61,972 65(32#)
63V 19,2 ms 13,73 (β), 10,829 (βn) 7/2− β = ?, βn = ? 62,976 39(43#)
64V 19 ms 17,289 β 63,982 64(43#)
65V 10 ms 16,338 (β), 13,744 (βn) β = ?, βn = ? 64,987 50(54#)
66V > 360 ns 18,928 (β), 14,303 (βn) β = ?, βn = ? 65,993 98(64#)

24 ChromBearbeiten

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42Cr 13,3 ms 13,861 (ε), 14,65 (εp) 0+ ε = 5,6, εp = 94,4 42,006 70(43#)
43Cr 20,6 ms 15,616 (ε), 15,515 (εp), 11,764 (ε2p), 10,679 (β+3p) 3/2+ ε = 11,82, εp = 81, ε2p = 7,1, β+3p = 0,08 42,997 53(43#)
44Cr 42,8 ms 10,479 (ε), 8,395 (εp) 0+ ε = 86, εp = 14 43,985 36(32#)
45Cr 60,9 ms 12,366 (β+), 10,745 (εp) 7/2− β+ = 65,6, εp = 34,4 44,979 050(38)
45m1Cr 1 ms 11,345 3/2+ εp 44,979 963 91
46Cr 0,26 s 7,601 0+ β+ 45,968 359(21)
47Cr 500 ms 7,445 3/2− β+ = 100 46,962 8974(75)
48Cr 21,56 h 1,655 0+ ε 47,954 0291(79)
49Cr 42,3 min 2,628 5/2− β+ 48,951 3333(25)
50Cr stabil 1,169 0+ 004,345 49,946 041 83(94)
51Cr 27,7025 d 0,753 7/2− ε 50,944 765 02(94)
52Cr stabil 0+ 083,789 51,940 506 23(63)
53Cr stabil 3/2− 009,501 52,940 648 15(62)
54Cr stabil 0+ 002,365 53,938 879 16(61)
55Cr 3,497 min 2,603 3/2− β 54,940 838 43(64)
56Cr 5,94 min 1,63 0+ β 55,940 6531(20)
57Cr 21,1 s 4,962 5/2− β 56,943 6130(20)
58Cr 7 s 3,99 0+ β 57,944 35(22)
59Cr 1,05 s 7,637 1/2− β 58,948 59(26)
59m1Cr 96 µs 0,49961 9/2+ IT 58,949 126 35
60Cr 0,49 s 6,468 0+ β 59,950 08(23)
61Cr 243 ms 9,285 5/2− β 60,954 42(14)
62Cr 206 ms 7,592 (β), 2,778 (βn) 0+ β = 99, βn = 1 61,956 10(16)
63Cr 129 ms 11,164 (β), 4,69 (βn) 1/2− β = 98,6, βn = 1,4 62,961 65(49)
64Cr 42 ms 9,53 0+ β 63,964 08(32#)
65Cr 28 ms 12,985 1/2− β 64,969 96(32#)
66Cr 23 ms 12,215 0+ β 65,973 66(54#)
67Cr 50 ms 14,83 1/2− β = 100? 66,980 16(54#)
68Cr > 360 ns 13,423 (β), 10,363 (βn) 0 β = ?, βn = ? 67,984 03(75#)

25 ManganBearbeiten

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NH
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44Mn 10 ns 20,297 (ε), 17,286 (εp) 2− ε = ?, εp = ? 44,007 15(54#)
45Mn 14,382 (ε), 11,695 (εp) ε = ?, εp = ? 44,994 49(43#)
46Mn 36,2 ms 16,516 (ε), 11,635 (β+p) 4+ ε = 43, β+p = 57 45,986 09(43#)
46m1Mn 1 ms 12,372 (εp), 0,73708 (IT) 1− εp = ?, IT = ? 45,986 881 29
47Mn 88 ms 11,995 (β+), 7,22 (εp) 5/2− β+ > 98,3, εp < 1,7 46,975 775(34)
48Mn 158,1 ms 13,498 (β+), 5,393 (εp), 5,8 (εα) 4+ β+ = 99,72, εp = 0,28, εα < 6·10−4 47,968 52(18)
49Mn 382 ms 7,696 5/2− β+ 48,959 595(11)
50Mn 283,19 ms 7,635 0+ ε 49,954 237 78(95)
50m1Mn 1,75 min 7,864 5+ ε 49,954 484 09
51Mn 46,2 min 3,208 5/2− ε 50,948 208 47(94)
52Mn 5,591 d 4,711 6+ ε 51,945 5639(20)
52m1Mn 21,1 min 5,091 (ε), 0,3796 (IT) 2+ ε = 98,25, IT = 1,75 51,945 971 42
53Mn 3,74·106 a 0,59685 7/2− ε 52,941 288 89(68)
54Mn 312,12 d 1,377 (ε), 0,69733 (β) 3+ ε ≈ 100, β < 2,9·10−4 53,940 3576(12)
55Mn stabil 5/2− 100 54,938 043 91(48)
56Mn 2,5789 h 3,696 3+ β 55,938 903 69(49)
57Mn 85,4 s 2,695 5/2− β 56,938 2861(16)
58Mn 3 s 6,327 1+ β 57,940 0666(29)
58m1Mn 65,4 s 6,675 (β), 0,34801 (IT) 4+ β ≈ 80, IT ≈ 20 57,940 4402
59Mn 4,59 s 5,139 5/2− β 58,940 3911(25)
60Mn 0,28 s 8,444 0+ β 59,943 1366(25)
60m1Mn 1,77 s 8,507 (β), 0,06202 (IT) 3+ β = 88,5, IT = 11,5 59,943 203 18
61Mn 0,67 s 7,178 5/2− β 60,944 4525(25)
62Mn 671 ms 10,394 3+ β 61,947 95(16#)
62m1Mn 92 ms 2,886 (βn), 0,52126 (IT) 1+ βn = ?, IT = ? 61,948 5096
63Mn 0,275 s 8,749 5/2− β 62,949 6647(40)
64Mn 90 ms 11,981 (βn), 4,575 (βn) 3+ β = 67, βn = 33 63,953 8494(38)
64m1Mn 0,5 ms 0,54801 4+ IT 63,954 437 71
65Mn 84 ms 10,254 (βn), 5,931 (βn) 5/2− β = 93,08, βn = 6,92 64,956 0198(40)
66Mn 65 ms 13,318 (βn), 6,4 (βn) β = 89,12, βn = 9,88 65,960 547(12)
67Mn 51 ms 12,672 (βn), 8,686 (βn) 5/2− β < 90, βn > 10 66,964 24(43#)
68Mn 28 ms 15,528 (βn), 9,702 (βn) β = ?, βn = ? 67,969 62(54#)
69Mn 18 ms 14,522 5/2− β 68,973 66(64#)
70Mn > 360 ns 17,093 (βn), 11,77 (βn) β = ?, βn = ? 69,979 37(75#)
71Mn > 637 ns 15,978 (βn), 13,036 (βn), 7,713 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 70,983 68(75#)

26 EisenBearbeiten

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45Fe 1,89 ms 1,55 (2p), 19,78 (εp), 16,771 (ε2p), 16,67 (ε3p) 3/2+ 2p = 70, εp = 18,9, ε2p = 7,8, ε3p = 3,3 45,014 42(43#)
46Fe 13 ms 13,544 (ε), 12,813 (β+p) 0+ ε = 21,3, β+p = 78,7 46,000 63(54#)
47Fe 21,9 ms 14,974 (β+), 14,593 (εp), 9,711 (ε2p) 7/2− β+ = ?, εp = 88,4, ε2p = ? 46,991 85(54#)
48Fe 45,3 ms 10,908 (β+), 8,856 (β+p) 0+ β+ = 96,4, β+p = 3,6 47,980 23(43#)
49Fe 64,7 ms 12,886 (β+), 10,782 (β+p) 7/2− β+ = 44,3, β+p = 56,7 48,973 429(26)
50Fe 155 ms 8,139 0+ ε 49,962 975(64)
51Fe 305 ms 8,041 5/2− ε 50,956 8410(96)
52Fe 8,275 h 2,375 0+ ε 51,948 1131(70)
52m1Fe 45,9 s 9,334 (ε), 9,959 (IT) 12+ ε ≈ 100, IT = 4·10−3 51,955 584 26
53Fe 8,51 min 3,742 7/2− ε 52,945 3064(18)
53m1Fe 2,54 min 3,042 19/2− IT 52,948 571 97
54Fe stabil 0,67983 0+ 005,845 53,939 608 99(53)
54m1Fe 36,4 ns 6,259 10+ IT 53,946 617 91
55Fe 2,74 a 0,23109 3/2− ε 54,938 291 99(51)
56Fe stabil 0+ 091,754 55,934 936 33(49)
57Fe stabil 1/2− 002,119 56,935 392 84(49)
58Fe stabil 0+ 000,282 57,933 274 43(53)
59Fe 44,495 d 1,565 3/2− β 58,934 874 34(54)
60Fe 2,62·106 a 0,237 0+ β 59,934 0711(37)
61Fe 5,98 min 3,977 5/2− β 60,936 7462(28)
61m1Fe 250 ns 0,86013 9/2+ IT 60,937 669 59
62Fe 68 s 2,546 0+ β 61,936 7918(30)
63Fe 6,1 s 6,216 5/2− β 62,940 2727(46)
64Fe 2 s 4,822 0+ β 63,940 9878(54)
65Fe 0,81 s 7,964 5/2+ β 64,945 0115(73)
65m1Fe 1,12 s 7,943 5/2− IT 64,944 989 56
66Fe 440 ms 6,341 0+ β 65,946 2500(44)
67Fe 0,4 s 9,25 1/2− β 66,950 54(23)
67m1Fe 75 µs 0,76669 1/2− IT 66,951 363 08
68Fe 180 ms 8,095 0+ β 67,952 95(39)
69Fe 110 ms 11,113 1/2− β 68,958 07(43#)
70Fe 71 ms 10,61 0+ β 69,961 02(54#)
71Fe 28 ms 13,367 (β), 7,848 (βn) 7/2+ β = ?, βn = ? 70,966 72(64#)
72Fe > 150 ns 11,681 (β), 8,193 (βn) 0+ β = 72,4, βn = 27,6 71,969 83(75#)
73Fe 12,9 ms 14,28 (β), 9,096 (βn), 5,608 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 72,975 72(75#)
74Fe > 638 ns 13,227 (β), 9,59 (βn), 4,406 (β2n) 0+ β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 73,979 35(86#)

27 CobaltBearbeiten

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47Co 1,97 (p), 14,438 (ε), 15,514 (εp) 7/2− p = ?, ε = ?, εp = ? 47,010 57(86#)
48Co 1,169 (p), 19,282 (ε), 16,143 (εp) 6+ p = ?, ε = ?, εp = ? 48,000 93(86#)
49Co 0,7964 (p), 14,421 (ε), 11,704 (εp) 7/2− p = ?, ε = ?, εp = ? 48,988 91(75#)
50Co 38,8 ms 16,706 (ε), 12,566 (β+p) 6+ ε = 29,5, β+p = 70,5 49,980 91(64#)
51Co > 200 ns 12,86 7/2− ε = 100? 50,970 647(52)
52Co 115 ms 14,342 6+ ε 51,963 51(21#)
52m1Co 104 ms 14,796 2+ ε 51,963 997 62
53Co 240 ms 8,288 7/2− ε 52,954 2041(19)
53m1Co 247 ms 11,492 (ε), 1,589 (p) 19/2− ε ≈ 98,5, p ≈ 1,5 52,957 643 53
54Co 193,28 ms 8,245 0+ ε 53,948 459 87(54)
54m1Co 1,48 min 8,442 7+ ε 53,948 671 71
55Co 17,53 h 3,451 7/2− ε 54,941 997 20(57)
56Co 77,236 d 4,567 4+ ε 55,939 838 80(63)
57Co 271,74 d 0,83623 7/2− ε 56,936 290 57(66)
58Co 70,86 d 2,308 2+ ε 57,935 7521(13)
58m1Co 9,1 h 0,02553 5+ IT 57,935 779 51
58m2Co 10,4 µs 0,05383 4+ IT 57,935 809 89
59Co stabil 7/2− 100 58,933 194 29(56)
60Co 1925,28 d 2,823 5+ β 59,933 816 30(56)
60m1Co 10,467 min 0,05932 (IT), 2,882 (β) 2+ IT = 99,76, β = 0,24 59,933 879 98
61Co 1,65 h 1,324 7/2− β 60,932 476 62(95)
62Co 1,5 min 5,322 2+ β 61,934 059(20)
62m1Co 13,91 min 5,337 (β), 0,01464 (IT) 5+ β = > 99, IT < 1 61,934 074 72
63Co 27,4 s 3,661 7/2− β 62,933 600(20)
64Co 0,3 s 7,307 1+ β 63,935 811(21)
65Co 1,16 s 5,94 7/2− β = 100 64,936 4621(22)
66Co 0,2 s 9,598 3+ β 65,939 443(15)
66m1Co 1,2 ms 0,47218 5+ IT 65,939 949 91
66m2Co 1 ms 0,93919 8− IT 65,940 451 26
67Co 0,425 s 8,421 7/2− β 66,940 6096(69)
68Co 0,199 s 11,542 7− β 67,944 26(16)
68m1Co 1,6 s 12,263 3+ β 67,945 034 11
69Co 229 ms 9,808 7/2− β 68,946 14(20)
70Co 108 ms 12,295 6− β 69,949 63(32)
70m1Co 500 ms 13,771 3+ β 69,951 214 72
71Co 80 ms 11,039 (β), 6,776 (βn) 7/2− β = 97,39, βn = 2,61 70,952 37(50)
72Co 59,9 ms 14,442 (β), 7,551 (βn) 7− β = 95,2, βn = 4,8 71,957 29(43#)
73Co 41 ms 13,212 7/2− β 72,960 39(54#)
74Co 25 ms 15,994 0+ β 73,965 15(64#)
75Co 30 ms 15,146 7/2− β 74,968 76(75#)
76Co 21,7 ms 17,512 (β), 12,077 (βn), 8,216 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 75,974 13(86#)

28 NickelBearbeiten

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48Ni 2,1 ms 1,313 0+ 2p = 100? 48,017 69(54#)
49Ni 7,5 ms 17,503 (ε), 18,299 (β+p) ε = 17, β+p = 83 49,007 70(86#)
50Ni 18,5 ms 12,883 (ε), 12,562 (β+p) 0+ ε = 13,3, β+p = 86,7 49,994 74(86#)
51Ni 23,8 ms 14,404 (ε), 14,261 (εp) 7/2− ε = 12,8, εp = 87,2 50,986 11(86#)
52Ni 40,8 ms 10,517 (ε), 9,44 (εp) 0+ ε = 68,6, εp = 31,4 51,974 80(75#)
53Ni 55,2 ms 13,028 (ε), 11,416 (εp) 7/2− ε = 76,6, εp = 23,4 52,968 190(27)
54Ni 104 ms 8,786 0+ ε 53,957 892(54)
55Ni 204,7 ms 8,694 7/2− ε 54,951 330 63(85)
56Ni 6,075 d 2,133 0+ ε 55,942 128 55(57)
57Ni 35,6 h 3,262 3/2− β+ 56,939 792 18(71)
58Ni stabil 1,926 0+ 068,077 57,935 342 41(52)
59Ni 7,6·104 a 1,073 3/2− ε 58,934 346 20(52)
60Ni stabil 0+ 026,223 59,930 785 88(52)
61Ni stabil 3/2− 001,1399 60,931 055 57(52)
62Ni stabil 0+ 003,6346 61,928 345 37(55)
63Ni 101,2 a 0,06698 1/2− β 62,929 669 63(56)
63m1Ni 1,7 µs 0,08691 5/2− IT 62,929 762 94
64Ni stabil 0+ 000,9255 63,927 966 82(58)
65Ni 2,5175 h 2,138 5/2− β 64,930 085 17(60)
65m1Ni 69 µs 0,06255 1/2− IT 64,930 152 32
66Ni 54,6 h 0,25176 0+ β 65,929 1393(15)
67Ni 21 s 3,576 1/2− β 66,931 5694(31)
67m1Ni 13,3 µs 0,067 9/2+ IT 66,932 651 21
68Ni 29 s 2,103 0+ β 67,931 8688(32)
68m1Ni 0,86 ms 2,85 5− IT 67,934 9283
68m2Ni 276 ns 1,771 0 IT 67,933 769 84
69Ni 11,2 s 5,756 9/2+ β 68,935 6103(40)
69m1Ni 3,5 s 6,079 1/2− IT 68,935 954 93
69m2Ni 439 ns 2,701 17/2− IT 68,938 509 97
70Ni 6 s 3,763 0+ β 69,936 4313(23)
70m1Ni 232 ns 2,924 8+ IT 69,939 5703
71Ni 2,56 s 7,305 9/2+ β 70,940 5190(24)
72Ni 1,57 s 5,557 0+ β 71,941 7859(24)
73Ni 0,84 s 8,879 7/2+ β 72,946 2067(26)
74Ni 0,68 s 7,55 0+ β 73,947 98(43#)
75Ni 344 ms 10,225 (β), 3,689 (βn) 7/2+ β = 90, βn = 10 74,952 50(32#)
76Ni 0,238 s 9,366 (β), 4,79 (βn) 0+ β = ?, βn = ? 75,955 33(54#)
76m1Ni 509 ns 2,42 8+ IT 75,957 9278
77Ni 128 ms 11,765 (β), 6,157 (βn) β = 70, βn = 30 76,960 55(54#)
78Ni 0,11 s 10,368 (β), 6,311 (βn) 0+ β = ?, βn = ? 77,963 36(86#)
79Ni 43 ms 14,187 (β), 8,714 (βn), 4,658 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 78,970 25(86#)

29 KupferBearbeiten

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52Cu 2,585 3+ p = 100? 51,996 71(86#)
53Cu < 300 ns 1,83 (p), 15,277 (ε), 12,347 (β+p) 3/2− p = ?, ε = ?, β+p = ? 52,984 59(86#)
54Cu < 75 ns 0,60078 3+ p 53,976 66(54#)
55Cu 27 ms 13,702 (ε), 9,087 (εp) 3/2− ε = 85, εp = 15 54,966 04(17)
56Cu 93 ms 15,67 (ε), 8,503 (εp) 4+ ε = 99,6, εp = 0,4 55,958 95(21#)
57Cu 196,3 ms 8,775 3/2− β+ 56,949 212 50(66)
58Cu 3,204 s 8,561 1+ ε 57,944 533 05(70)
59Cu 81,5 s 4,799 3/2− ε 58,939 497 48(67)
60Cu 23,7 min 6,128 2+ ε 59,937 3645(18)
61Cu 3,333 h 2,238 3/2− ε 60,933 4576(10)
62Cu 9,673 min 3,959 1+ ε 61,932 595 41(75)
63Cu stabil 3/2− 069,15 62,929 597 72(56)
64Cu 12,701 h 1,674 (ε), 0,5797 (β) 1+ ε = 61,5, β = 38,5 63,929 764 34(56)
65Cu stabil 3/2− 030,85 64,927 789 70(71)
66Cu 5,12 min 2,641 1+ β 65,928 869 03(72)
67Cu 61,83 h 0,56127 3/2− β 66,927 7303(13)
67m1Cu 100 ns 3,464 15/2+ IT 66, 931 449 48
68Cu 30,9 s 4,44 1+ β 67,929 6109(17)
68m1Cu 3,75 min 0,72163 (IT), 5,162 (β) 6− IT = 84, β = 16 67,930 3856
69Cu 2,85 min 2,681 3/2− β 68,929 4293(15)
69m1Cu 360 ns 2,742 13/2+ IT 68, 932 372 73
70Cu 44,5 s 6,588 1+ β 69,932 3921(12)
70m1Cu 33 s 6,69 (β), 0,10146 (IT) 4− β = 52, IT = 48 69,932 501 02
70m2Cu 6,6 s 6,831 (β), 0,24295 (IT) 1+ β = 93,2, IT = 6,8 69, 932 652 92
71Cu 19,4 s 4,618 3/2− β 70,932 6768(16)
71m1Cu 271 ns 2,756 19/2− IT 70, 935 635 55
72Cu 6,63 s 8,363 1+ β = 100 71,935 8203(15)
72m1Cu 1,8 µs 0,27 4− IT 71, 936 110 16
73Cu 4,2 s 6,606 3/2− β 72,936 6744(21)
74Cu 1,594 s 9,751 1+ β 73,939 8749(66)
75Cu 1,222 s 8,088 (β), 3,214 (βn) 3/2− β = 96,5, βn = 3,5 74,941 5226(25)
76Cu 637 ms 11,327 (β), 3,512 (βn) 3+ β = 97, βn = 3 75,945 2750(72)
76m1Cu 1,27 s 11,427 1+ β 75,945 382 37
77Cu 468,1 ms 10,277 (β), 5,72 (βn) 3/2− β = 69,7, βn = 30,3 76,947 92(16#)
78Cu 335 ms 12,986 (β), 6,22 (βn) 3+ β < 35, βn > 65 77,952 23(54)
79Cu 188 ms 11,534 (β), 7,513 (βn) 3/2− β = 45, βn = 55 78,955 02(43#)
80Cu 0,17 s 15,218 3+ β 79,960 89(64#)
81Cu 73,2 ms 14,408 (β), 11,785 (βn), 5,498 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 80,965 87(86#)
82Cu > 636 ns 16,935 (β), 12,456 (βn), 9,834 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 81,972 44(86#)

30 ZinkBearbeiten

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54Zn 1,59 ms 1,491 0 2p = 92 53,992 04(75#)
55Zn 19,8 ms 16,711 (ε), 17,012 (εp) 5/2− ε = 9, εp = 91 54,983 98(75#)
56Zn 30 ms 12,659 (ε), 12,467 (εp) 0+ ε = 14, εp = 86 55,972 54(54#)
57Zn 38 ms 14,762 (β+), 14,072 (εp) 7/2− β+ = 35, εp = 65 56,965 06(22#)
58Zn 86 ms 9,369 (ε), 6,496 (β+p) 0+ ε = 97, β+p = 3 57,954 591(54)
59Zn 182 ms 9,143 (ε), 5,724 (εp) 3/2− ε = 99,9, εp = 0,1 58,949 312 66(89)
60Zn 2,38 min 4,171 0+ ε 59,941 842 10(69)
61Zn 89,1 s 5,635 3/2− ε 60,939 507(17)
61m1Zn 400 ms 0,09177 1/2− IT 60,939 605 52
61m2Zn 140 ms 0,42146 3/2− IT 60,939 959 46
61m3Zn 100 ms 0,75937 5/2− IT 60,940 322 22
62Zn 9,186 h 1,62 0+ ε 61,934 333 97(73)
63Zn 38,47 min 3,366 3/2− ε 62,933 2115(17)
64Zn stabil 1,095 0+ 049,17 63,929 142 01(71)
65Zn 243,93 d 1,352 5/2− ε 64,929 240 77(71)
65m1Zn 1,6 µs 0,0541 1/2− IT 64,929 298 85
66Zn stabil 0+ 027,73 65,926 033 81(94)
67Zn stabil 5/2− 004,04 66,927 127 75(96)
68Zn stabil 0+ 018,45 67,924 844 55(98)
69Zn 56,4 min 0,91026 1/2− β 68,926 5507(10)
69m1Zn 13,76 h 0,43818 (IT), 1,348 (β) 9/2+ IT = 99,997, β = 0,003 68,927 021 11
70Zn stabil 0,99712 0+ 000,61 69,925 3192(21)
71Zn 2,45 min 2,81 1/2− β 70,927 7196(28)
71m1Zn 3,96 h 2,97 (β), 0,15986 (IT) 9/2+ β = 99,95, IT = 0,05 70,927 891 22
72Zn 46,5 h 0,44277 0+ β 71,926 8428(23)
73Zn 23,5 s 4,106 1/2− β 72,929 5826(20)
73m1Zn 5,8 s 4,527 (β), 0,42069 (IT) 7/2+ β = ?, IT = ? 72,930 034 23
73m2Zn 13 ms 0,37859 5/2+ IT 72,929 989 03
74Zn 95,6 s 2,293 0+ β 73,929 4073(27)
75Zn 10,2 s 5,906 7/2+ β 74,932 8402(21)
76Zn 5,7 s 3,994 0+ β 75,933 1150(16)
77Zn 2,08 s 7,203 7/2+ β 76,936 8872(21)
77m1Zn 1,05 s 0,8393 (IT), 8,043 (β) 1/2− IT > 50, β < 50 76,937 788 22
78Zn 1,47 s 6,228 0+ β 77,938 2892(21)
79Zn 995 ms 9,115 (β), 2,202 (βn) 9/2+ β = 98,7, βn = 1,3 78,942 6381(24)
80Zn 0,54 s 7,575 (β), 2,828 (βn) 0+ β = 99, βn = 1 79,944 5529(28)
81Zn 304 ms 11,428 (β), 4,953 (βn) 5/2+ β = 92,5, βn = 7,5 80,950 4026(54)
82Zn 228 ms 10,324 0+ β = 100? 81,954 26(32#)
83Zn 117 ms 12,519 (β), 8,121 (βn) 5/2+ β = ?, βn = ? 82,960 56(54#)
84Zn > 633 ns 11,877 (β), 8,779 (βn), 4,381 (β2n) 0+ β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 83,965 21(64#)
85Zn > 637 ns 14,224 β = 100? 84,972 26(75#)

HauptgruppenelementeBearbeiten

31 GalliumBearbeiten

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56Ga 3,311 p = 100? 55,995 36(64#)
57Ga 2,641 p = 100? 56,983 20(32#)
58Ga 1,765 p = 100? 57,974 78(21#)
59Ga < 43 ns 1,038 p = 100? 58,963 53(18#)
60Ga 70 ms 14,39 (ε), 9,285 (β+p), 11,698 (β+α) 2+ ε = 98,4, β+p = 1,6, β+α = 2,5·10−3 59,957 29(21#)
61Ga 167 ms 9,214 3/2− ε 60,949 399(41)
62Ga 116,121 ms 9,181 0+ ε 61,944 190 25(75)
63Ga 32,4 s 5,666 3/2− ε 62,939 2942(14)
64Ga 2,627 min 7,171 0+ ε 63,936 8404(15)
64m1Ga 21,9 µs 0,04169 2+ IT 63,936 885 16
65Ga 15,2 min 3,255 3/2− ε 64,932 734 59(88)
66Ga 9,49 h 5,175 0+ ε 65,931 5894(34)
67Ga 3,2617 d 1,001 3/2− ε 66,928 2025(13)
68Ga 67,71 min 2,921 1+ ε 67,927 9805(16)
69Ga stabil 3/2− 060,108 68,925 5735(13)
70Ga 21,14 min 1,652 (β), 0,65456 (ε) 1+ β = 99,59, ε = 0,41 69,926 0219(13)
71Ga stabil 3/2− 039,892 70,924 702 58(87)
72Ga 14,1 h 3,998 3− β 71,926 367 47(88)
72m1Ga 39,68 ms 0,11856 0+ IT 71,926 494 75
73Ga 4,86 h 1,598 3/2− β 72,925 1747(18)
74Ga 8,12 min 5,373 3− β 73,926 9457(32)
74m1Ga 9,5 s 0,06004 (IT), 5,433 (β) 0 IT = 75, β = 25 73,927 010 16
75Ga 126 s 3,392 3/2− β 74,926 5002(26)
76Ga 32,6 s 6,916 3+ β 75,928 8276(21)
77Ga 13,2 s 5,221 3/2− β 76,929 1543(26)
78Ga 5,09 s 8,156 3+ β 77,931 6088(20)
79Ga 2,847 s 6,979 (β), 1,243 (βn) 3/2− β = 99,91, βn = 0,09 78,932 8523(20)
80Ga 1,676 s 10,312 (β), 2,232 (βn) 3 β = 99,14, βn = 0,86 79,936 4208(31)
81Ga 1,217 s 8,664 (β), 3,836 (βn) 5/2− β = 88,1, βn = 11,9 80,938 1338(35)
82Ga 0,599 s 12,484 (β), 5,29 (βn) 3+ β = 80,2, βn = 19,8 81,943 1765(26)
83Ga 308,1 ms 11,719 (β), 8,087 (βn) 3/2− β = 37,2, βn = 62,8 82,947 1203(28)
84Ga 85 ms 13,865 (β), 8,622 (βn) 0 β = 26, βn = 74 83,952 46(43#)
85Ga 92 ms 13,06 (β), 10,014 (βn) 3/2− β < 65, βn > 35 84,956 99(32#)
86Ga 43 ms 15,305 (β), 10,961 (βn) β = ?, βn = ? 85,963 01(75#)
87Ga > 634 ns 14,494 (β), 12,105 (βn), 7,397 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 86,968 24(86#)

32 GermaniumBearbeiten

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58Ge 3,288 0 2p = 100? 57,991 72(43#)
59Ge > 360 ns 1,658 3/2− 2p = 100? 58,982 49(32#)
60Ge 30 ms 12,175 (ε), 12,317 (εp) 0+ ε = ?, εp = ? 59,970 36(21#)
61Ge 44 ms 13,405 (ε), 13,155 (εp) 3/2− ε = 20, εp = 80 60,963 79(32#)
62Ge 129 ms 10,088 (ε), 7,161 (εp) 0+ ε = 100?, εp = ? 61,955 02(15#)
63Ge 150 ms 9,626 3/2− ε 62,949 628(40)
64Ge 63,7 s 4,517 0+ ε 63,941 6899(40)
65Ge 30,9 s 6,179 3/2− ε 64,939 3681(23)
66Ge 2,26 h 2,117 0+ ε 65,933 8621(26)
67Ge 18,9 min 4,221 1/2− ε 66,932 7339(50)
67m1Ge 13,7 µs 0,01917 5/2− IT 66,932 754 48
67m2Ge 110 ns 0,75267 9/2+ IT 66,933 541 92
68Ge 270,95 d 0,10694 0+ ε 67,928 0953(20)
69Ge 39,05 h 2,227 5/2− ε 68,927 9645(14)
69m1Ge 5,1 µs 0,08683 1/2− IT 68,928 057 72
69m2Ge 2,81 µs 0,39793 9/2+ IT 68,928 3917
70Ge stabil 0+ 020,57 69,924 248 75(90)
71Ge 11,43 d 0,233 1/2− ε 70,924 952 33(90)
71m1Ge 20,41 ms 0,19716 9/2+ IT 70,925 163 99
72Ge stabil 0+ 027,45 71,922 075 826(81)
73Ge stabil 9/2+ 007,75 72,923 458 956(61)
73m1Ge 0,499 s 0,06673 1/2− IT 72,923 530 59
73m2Ge 2,9 µs 0,01332 5/2+ IT 72,923 473 26
74Ge stabil 0+ 036,5 73,921 177 761(13)
75Ge 82,78 min 1,177 1/2− β 74,922 858 370(55)
75m1Ge 47,7 s 0,14026 (IT), 1,318 (β) 7/2+ IT = 99,97, β = 0,03 74,923 008 95
75m2Ge 216 ns 0,19257 5/2+ IT 74,923 0651
76Ge 1,6·1021 a 2,039 0+ 007,73 75,921 402 726(19)
77Ge 11,3 h 2,703 7/2+ β 76,923 549 843(57)
77m1Ge 52,9 s 2,862 (β), 0,159 (IT) 1/2− β = 81, IT = 19 76,923 720 07
78Ge 88 min 0,95469 0+ β 77,922 8529(38)
79Ge 18,98 s 4,109 1/2− β 78,925 360(40)
79m1Ge 39 s 4,334 (β), 0,22412 (IT) 7/2+ β = 96, IT = 4 78,925 6006
80Ge 29,5 s 2,679 0+ β 79,925 3508(22)
81Ge 7,6 s 6,242 9/2+ β 80,928 8329(22)
81m1Ge 7,6 s 6,909 1/2+ β 80,929 549 52
82Ge 4,56 s 4,688 0+ β 81,929 7740(24)
83Ge 1,85 s 8,693 5/2+ β 82,934 5391(26)
84Ge 954 ms 7,705 (β), 3,45 (βn) 0+ β = 89,8, βn = 10,2 83,937 5751(34)
85Ge 0,56 s 10,066 (β), 4,659 (βn) 5/2+ β = 86, βn = 14 84,942 9697(40)
86Ge 226 ms 9,202 0+ β 85,946 58(32#)
87Ge 140 ms 11,54 (β), 6,813 (βn) 5/2+ β = 100?, βn = ? 86,952 68(43#)
88Ge > 300 ns 10,582 0+ β 87,956 91(54#)
89Ge > 300 ns 13,069 β = 100? 88,963 79(64#)
90Ge > 635 ns 12,109 (β), 9,506 (βn), 5,356 (β2n) 0+ β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 89,968 63(75#)

33 ArsenBearbeiten

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60As 3,321 p = 100? 59,993 88(43#)
61As 2,734 p = 100? 60,981 12(32#)
62As 1,858 p = 100? 61,973 61(32#)
63As < 43 ns 0,9827 3/2− p 62,963 90(21#)
64As 18 ms 14,662 ε 63,957 43(33#)
65As 128 ms 9,541 3/2− ε 64,949 611(91)
66As 95,77 ms 9,582 0 ε 65,944 1488(61)
66m1As 1,1 µs 1,88 5+ IT 65,946 166 48
66m2As 8,2 µs 3,547 9+ IT 65,947 9563
67As 42,5 s 6,071 5/2− ε 66,939 251 11(48)
68As 151,6 s 8,084 3+ ε 67,936 7741(20)
68m1As 111 s 8,505 (ε), 0,42075 (IT) 1+ ε = ?, IT = ? 67,937 225 79
69As 15,2 min 3,988 5/2− ε 68,932 246(34)
70As 52,6 min 6,22 4+ ε 69,930 926(54)
70m1As 96 µs 0,03092 2+ IT 69,930 959 19
71As 65,3 h 2,013 5/2− ε 70,927 1138(45)
72As 26 h 4,356 2− ε 71,926 7523(44)
73As 80,3 d 0,34479 3/2− ε 72,923 8291(41)
74As 17,77 d 2,562 (ε), 1,353 (β) 2− ε = 66, β = 34 73,923 9286(18)
75As stabil 3/2− 100 74,921 594 57(95)
75m1As 17,62 ms 0,30609 9/2+ IT 74,921 923 17
76As 1,0942 d 2,961 2− β 75,922 392 02(95)
76m1As 1,8 µs 0,04627 1+ IT 75,922 441 69
77As 38,83 h 0,6832 3/2− β 76,920 6476(18)
77m1As 114 µs 0,47509 9/2+ IT 76,921 157 63
78As 90,7 min 4,209 2− β 77,921 828(11)
79As 9,01 min 2,281 3/2− β 78,920 9484(58)
79m1As 1,2 µs 0,7724 9/2+ IT 78,921 7776
80As 15,2 s 5,545 1+ β 79,922 4746(36)
81As 33,3 s 3,856 3/2− β 80,922 1323(29)
82As 19,1 s 7,491 1+ β 81,924 7412(46)
82m1As 13,6 s 7,37 5− β 81,924 611 43
83As 13,4 s 5,671 3/2− β 82,925 2069(30)
84As 4,2 s 10,094 (β), 1,416 (βn) 3− β = 99,82, βn = 0,18 83,929 3033(34)
85As 2,021 s 9,225 (β), 4,687 (βn) 3/2− β = 60,6, βn = 59,4 84,932 1637(33)
86As 0,945 s 11,541 (β), 5,38 (βn) β = 74, βn = 26 85,936 7015(37)
87As 0,56 s 10,808 (β), 6,814 (βn) 3/2− β = 84,6, βn = 15,4 86,940 2917(32)
88As 0,2 s 13,164 β 87,945 55(21#)
89As > 300 ns 12,194 β = 100? 88,949 76(32#)
90As > 300 ns 14,466 (β), 9,591 (βn) β = ?, βn = ? 89,955 63(64#)
91As > 150 ns 13,442 β = 100? 90,960 39(64#)
92As 15,742 β 91,966 74(75#)

34 SelenBearbeiten

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64Se > 180 ns 12,724 0+ ε 63,971 09(54#)
65Se 33 ms 13,776 3/2− ε 64,964 40(64#)
66Se 42 ms 10,657 0+ ε = 100? 65,955 59(32#)
67Se 136 ms 10,007 (ε), 7,738 (εp) ε = 99,5, εp = 0,5 66,949 994(72)
68Se 35,5 s 4,705 0+ ε 67,941 825 24(53)
69Se 27,4 s 6,678 (ε), 3,255 (εp) 3/2− ε = 99,95, εp = 0,05 68,939 4148(16)
69m1Se 2 µs 0,17265 5/2− IT 68,939 600 15
69m2Se 955 ns 0,70715 9/2+ IT 68,940 173 96
70Se 41,1 min 2,412 0+ β+ 69,933 5155(17)
71Se 4,74 min 4,747 5/2− ε 70,932 2094(30)
71m1Se 560 ns 0,07904 1/2− IT 90,932 294 25
71m2Se 19 µs 0,29074 9/2+ IT 90,932 521 52
72Se 8,4 d 0,36161 0+ ε 71,927 1405(21)
73Se 7,15 h 2,725 9/2+ ε 72,926 7549(80)
73m1Se 39,8 min 2,761 (ε), 0,03608 (IT) 3/2− ε = 27,4, IT = 72,6 72,926 793 63
74Se stabil 1,209 0+ 000,89 73,922 475 934(15)
75Se 119,779 d 0,86471 5/2+ ε 74,922 522 870(78)
76Se stabil 0+ 009,37 75,919 213 704(17)
77Se stabil 1/2− 007,63 76,919 914 154(67)
77m1Se 17,4 s 0,16238 7/2+ IT 76,920 088 48
78Se stabil 0+ 023,77 77,917 309 28(20)
79Se 2,95·105 a 0,15061 7/2+ β 78,918 499 29(24)
79m1Se 3,92 min 0,09622 (IT), 0,247 (β) 1/2− IT = 99,94, β = 0,06 78,918 602 59
80Se stabil 0+ 049,61 79,916 5218(13)
81Se 18,45 min 1,587 1/2− β 80,917 9930(14)
81m1Se 57,28 min 0,10253 (IT), 1,689 (β) 7/2+ IT = 99,95, β = 0,05 80,918 103 07
82Se 91·1018 a 2,996 0+ 008,73 81,916 6995(15)
82m1Se 6,6 ns 3,518 8+ IT 81,920 476 68
83Se 22,3 min 3,673 9/2+ β 82,919 1186(36)
83m1Se 70,1 s 3,901 1/2− β 82,919 363 73
84Se 3,26 min 1,836 0+ β 83,918 4668(21)
85Se 32,9 s 6,162 5/2+ β 84,922 2608(28)
86Se 14,3 s 5,129 0+ β 85,924 3117(27)
87Se 5,5 s 7,466 (β), 1,135 (βn) 5/2+ β = 99,8, βn = 0,2 86,928 6886(24)
88Se 1,53 s 6,832 (β), 1,936 (βn) 0+ β = 99,33, βn = 0,67 87,931 4175(36)
89Se 0,41 s 9,282 (β), 3,652 (βn) 5/2+ β = 92,2, βn = 7,8 88,936 6691(40)
90Se 195 ms 8,204 (β), 4,407 (βn) 0+ β = ?, βn = ? 89,940 10(35)
91Se 0,27 s 10,769 (β), 5,591 (βn) β = 79, βn = 21 90,945 96(54#)
92Se > 300 ns 9,509 0+ β 91,949 84(64#)
93Se > 150 ns 12,259 1/2+ β 92,956 29(86#)
94Se > 150 ns 10,796 0+ β 93,960 49(86#)
95Se > 392 ns 13,311 β = 100? 94,967 30(86#)

35 BromBearbeiten

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NH
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67Br 1,15 p = 100? 66,964 65(54#)
68Br 1,2 µs 0,84856 p = 100? 67,958 73(33#)
69Br 24 ns 0,78872 5/2− p = 100? 68,950 497(40)
70Br 79,1 ms 10,504 0+ ε 69,944 792(16)
70m1Br 2,2 s 12,796 9+ ε 69,947 2528
71Br 21,4 s 6,644 5/2− ε 70,939 3422(58)
72Br 78,6 s 8,801 3+ ε 71,936 5886(72)
72m1Br 10,6 s 0,15305 (IT), 8,954 (ε) 1− IT = 100, ε = ? 71,936 7529
73Br 3,4 min 4,58 1/2− ε 72,931 6715(78)
74Br 25,4 min 6,925 0 ε 73,929 9102(63)
74m1Br 46 min 9,921 4+ ε 73,929 906 05
75Br 96,7 min 3,062 3/2− ε 74,925 8105(46)
76Br 16,2 h 4,963 1− ε 75,924 542(10)
76m1Br 1,31 s 0,10228 (IT), 5,066 (ε) 4+ IT = 99,4, ε = 0,6 75,924 6518
77Br 57,036 h 1,365 3/2− ε 76,921 3792(30)
77m1Br 4,28 min 0,10661 9/2+ IT 76,921 493 65
78Br 6,45 min 3,574 (ε), 0,72746 (β) 1+ ε = 99,99, β = 0,01 77,921 1459(38)
79Br stabil 3/2− 050,69 78,918 3376(14)
79m1Br 5,1 s 0,20714 9/2+ IT 78,918 559 97
80Br 17,68 min 1,87 (ε), 2,004 (β) 1+ ε = 91,7, β = 8,3 79,918 5298(14)
80m1Br 4,4205 h 0,08541 5− IT 79,918 621 49
81Br stabil 3/2− 049,31 80,916 2897(14)
81m1Br 34,6 µs 0,53704 9/2+ IT 80,916 866 24
82Br 35,282 h 3,093 5− β 81,916 8032(14)
82m1Br 6,13 min 0,04672 (IT), 3,14 (β) 2− IT = 97,6, β = 2,4 81,916 853 36
83Br 2,4 h 0,97662 3/2− β 82,915 1756(41)
83m1Br 700 ns 3,073 19/2− IT 82,918 474 95
84Br 31,76 min 4,656 2− β 83,916 496(28)
84m1Br 6 min 4,96 6− β 83,916 822 55
84m2Br 100 ns 0,39237 1+ IT 83,916 917 23
85Br 2,9 min 2,905 3/2− β 84,915 6458(33)
86Br 55,1 s 7,633 2− β 85,918 8054(33)
87Br 55,65 s 6,818 (β), 1,303 (βn) 3/2− β = 97,4, βn = 2,6 86,920 6740(34)
88Br 16,29 s 8,975 (β), 1,922 (βn) 1, 2− β = 93,42, βn = 6,58 87,924 0833(34)
88m1Br 5,3 µs 0,25406 5− IT 87,924 356 04
89Br 4,4 s 8,262 (β), 3,346 (βn) 3/2− β = 86,2, βn = 13,8 88,926 7046(35)
90Br 1,91 s 10,959 (β), 4,464 (βn) 2− β = 74,8, βn = 25,2 89,931 2928(36)
91Br 0,541 s 9,867 (β), 5,781 (βn) 5/2− β = 80, βn = 20 90,934 3986(38)
92Br 0,343 s 12,537 (β), 6,67 (βn) 2− β = 66,9, βn = 33,1 91,939 6316(72)
93Br 102 ms 11,162 (β), 7,724 (βn) 5/2− β = 32, βn = 68 92,943 13(48)
94Br 70 ms 13,749 (β), 8,465 (βn) β = 32, βn = 68 93,948 90(43#)
95Br > 150 ns 12,388 (β), 9,506 (βn) 3/2− β = 66, βn = 34 94,953 01(21#)
96Br > 150 ns 14,916 (β), 9,924 (βn) β = 72,4, βn = 27,6 95,959 03(32#)
97Br > 300 ns 13,367 3/2− β = 100? 96,963 44(43#)
98Br > 634 ns 15,863 (β), 10,903 (βn), 8,489 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 97,969 46(43#)

36 KryptonBearbeiten

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69Kr 32 ms 13,677 5/2− ε 68,965 18(43#)
70Kr 52 ms 10,478 (ε), 8,197 (β+p) 0+ ε = 98,7, β+p = 1,3 69,956 04(21#)
71Kr 100 ms 10,179 (ε), 8,318 (εp) 5/2− ε = 97,9, εp = 2,1 70,950 27(14)
72Kr 17,1 s 5,127 (ε), 1,917 (εp) 0+ ε ≈ 100, εp = 1·10−6 71,942 0924(86)
73Kr 27,3 s 7,096 (ε), 4,028 (εp) 5/2− ε = 99,75, εp = 0,25 72,939 2892(71)
73m1Kr 107 s 0,43435 9/2+ IT 72,939 755 49
74Kr 11,5 min 2,956 0+ ε 73,933 0840(22)
75Kr 4,29 min 4,783 5/2+ ε 74,930 9457(87)
76Kr 14,8 h 1,275 0+ ε 75,925 9103(43)
77Kr 74,4 min 3,065 5/2+ ε 76,924 6700(21)
78Kr > 1,5·1021 a 2,846 0+ 000,355 77,920 364 94(76)
79Kr 35,04 h 1,628 1/2− ε 78,920 0829(38)
79m1Kr 50 s 0,1294 7/2+ IT 78,920 221 82
80Kr stabil 0+ 002,286 79,916 378 08(75)
81Kr 2,29·105 a 0,28085 7/2+ ε 80,916 5912(15)
81m1Kr 13,1 s 0,1914 (IT), 0,47225 (ε) 1/2− IT ≈ 100, ε = 2,5·10−3 80,916 796 68
82Kr stabil 0+ 011,593 81,913 482 73(94)
83Kr stabil 9/2+ 011,5 82,914 127 16(32)
83m1Kr 1,85 h 0,04994 1/2− IT 82,914 180 77
83m2Kr 154,4 ns 0,01774 7/2+ IT 82,914 1462
84Kr stabil 0+ 056,987 83,911 497 7282(44)
84m1Kr 1,9 µs 0,33194 8+ IT 83,911 854 08
85Kr 10,752 a 0,68704 9/2+ β 84,912 5273(21)
85m1Kr 4,48 h 0,99203 (β), 0,305 (IT) 1/2− β = 78,6, IT = 21,4 84,912 854 73
85m2Kr 1,7 µs 1,992 19/2+ IT 84,914 665 58
86Kr stabil 0+ 017,279 85,910 610 6269(41)
87Kr 76,3 min 3,889 5/2+ β 86,913 354 76(26)
88Kr 2,84 h 2,918 0+ β 87,914 4479(28)
89Kr 3,15 min 5,177 3/2+ β 88,917 8355(23)
90Kr 32,32 s 4,405 0+ β 89,919 5279(20)
91Kr 8,57 s 6,771 5/2+ β 90,923 8063(24)
92Kr 1,84 s 6,003 (β), 0,90447 (βn) 0+ β = 97,97, βn = 0,03 91,926 1731(29)
93Kr 1,286 s 8,484 (β), 2,565 (βn) 1/2+ β = 98,05, βn = 1,95 92,931 1472(27)
94Kr 212 ms 7,215 (β), 3,2 (βn) 0+ β = 98,89, βn = 1,11 93,934 140(13)
95Kr 114 ms 9,735 (β), 4,333 (βn) 1/2 β = 97,13, βn = 2,87 94,939 711(20)
96Kr 80 ms 8,275 (β), 4,743 (βn) 0+ β = 96,3, βn = 3,7 95,943 017(22)
97Kr 63 ms 11,097 (β), 5,861 (βn) 3/2+ β = 93,3, βn = 6,7 96,949 09(14)
98Kr 46 ms 10,007 (β), 6,137 (βn) 0+ β = 93, βn = 7 97,952 43(32#)
99Kr 13 ms 12,445 (β), 7,488 (βn) 3/2+ β = 89, βn = 11 98,958 39(54#)
100Kr 7 ms 11,495 (β), 8,081 (βn) 0+ β ≈ 100, βn = ? 99,962 37(43#)
101Kr > 635 ns 13,684 (β), 9,348 (βn), 5,934 (β2n) β = ?, βn = ?, β2n = ? 100,968 73(54#)

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